Vietnam war and conscription australia
List of australian vietnam conscripts
There was no provision for this in secondary and tertiary education curriculums; we were born into a society in which the most popular public holiday celebrated warfare in a quasi religious atmosphere. During the period I was a student at Sydney University and prominent in the radical student and anti-war movements locally and nationally. Not only the timing but the scale of the offensive came as a complete surprise, taking in cities, towns, and military installations in South Vietnam. The ballots selected several dates in the selected period and all males with corresponding birthdays were called up for national service. All year-old males had to register with the Department of Labour and National Service, and their names were selected by the "birthday ballot", in which men were randomly selected for national service by their date of birth. Those who elected to undertake their training in the army could break up their training requirements into two periods, 98 days in the Australian Regular Army and 78 days in the Citizen Military Forces CMF. A detailed account of this initial hearing was published in Honi Soit, 25 March , pp. If the West once had something to offer the Vietnamese people, it no longer has. Significant policy and administrative records are generally held by our office in Melbourne, as the central office of the Department of Labour and National Service which administered national service was located there. The two year jail sentence handed out to non compliers created rallying and focal points but took cadres out of circulation. Between and when the last Australian troops were withdrawn from Vietnam over , men were registered for National Service, 63, were conscripted by the ballot.
I will not aid any military machine which helps perpetuate this intervention or supports the imperialist policy of American capitalism, be it in Asia, Africa, or Latin America.
The scheme was criticised as being irrelevant to modern defence needs, with skill was becoming more important than numbers.
The full-time service requirement was reduced to 18 months in October However, trade unions feared that their members might be replaced by cheaper foreign or female labour and opposed conscription. Accordingly I was assigned to non-combatant duties.
The only combat troops remaining in Vietnam were a platoon guarding the Australian embassy in Saigon, which was withdrawn in June During the period I was a student at Sydney University and prominent in the radical student and anti-war movements locally and nationally.
Conscription in australia ww3
I believe that the glorification of war, the worship of things military as is apparent in Society, is obscene. Industrial Workers of the World anti-conscription poster, Under Labor prime minister Billy Hughes , full conscription for overseas service was attempted during WWI through two plebiscites. The only combat troops remaining in Vietnam were a platoon guarding the Australian embassy in Saigon, which was withdrawn in June Between and when the last Australian troops were withdrawn from Vietnam over , men were registered for National Service, 63, were conscripted by the ballot. Collection references Title or description of record Date range. In the scheme was abolished. Monopoly-style, the State was presenting me with a number of options: go into the army, go to jail, go into hiding, or go on the run. My barrister was of great overall assistance, explaining procedures, leading me as I made my initial statement to the court, summing up, and during the interrogation process interjecting and objecting where possible to lines of questioning. Unlike in the United States, this was not an illegal act[ citation needed ], so its importance remained symbolic. This experience of court was not like previous experiences of being arraigned on straight forward charges e. Evasion of national service was not uncommon.
The National Service Actpassed on 24 November, required 20 year old males, if selected, to serve in the Army for a period of twenty four months of continuous service reduced to eighteen months infollowed by three years in the Reserve.
Evasion of national service was not uncommon.
Supported by the historian and civil libertarian Ken Buckley, and on understanding that I would be supported by a newly formed group he convened the Committee for the Rights of Servicemen should the need arise, it was my intention to try to take the anti-war movement into the army.
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