The difference between normal and abnormal psychology
Types of abnormal psychology
For example, obesity is a statistically normal but not associated with healthy or desirable. Diagnosis raises issues of medical and ethical integrity because of financial and professional links with pharmaceutical companies and insurance companies. The absence of this criterion of ideal mental health hardly indicates he is suffering from a mental disorder. A non-disordered condition results from, or is perpetuated by, social stressors. After being raped, an individual may develop or be in the early stages of developing a number of disorders such as depression, anxiety, or post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD. A close analysis of various types of abnormal behaviour indicates that abnormal behaviour circumscribes a wide range of maladaptive reactions like psychoneuroses, psychoses, delinquents, sexually deviants, and drug addicts etc. Key Terms etiology: The establishment of a cause, origin, or reason for something. Primary Prevention Primary prevention includes methods to avoid the occurrence of a disorder or disease altogether. Medicalization and Financial Conflicts of Interest It has been alleged that the way the categories of the DSM are structured and the substantial expansion of the number of categories are representative of an increasing medicalization of human nature. The dimensions of health and their characteristics, mental and social health, comparing and contrasting. Such people manage to control their emotions. The DSM identifies the specific criteria used when diagnosing patients; it represents the industry standard for psychologists and psychiatrists, who often work together to diagnose and treat psychological disorders. A culture promoting secrecy and illegal business practices allowed the billion dollar corporation to manipulate financial statements and lie to investors, resulting in the wholesale collapse of the firm in
For example, a man wearing a dress and high heels may be considered socially abnormal as society would not expect it, whereas this is expected of women With this definition, it is necessary to consider: i The degree to which a norm is violated, ii the importance of that norm, iii and the value attached by the social group to different sorts of violation, e.
Examples of abnormality can take many different forms and involve different features, so that, what at first sight seem quite reasonable definitions, turns out to be quite problematical.
Secondary Prevention Secondary prevention includes methods to diagnose and treat a disorder or disease in its early stages before it causes significant distress. Such people manage to control their emotions. Similarly, working class people are more likely to be diagnosed with a mental illness than those from non manual backgrounds.
Characteristics of abnormal behaviour in psychology
In very crude terms, society generally sees normality as good and abnormality as bad. This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to mental health. Freud also believed that early childhood experiences and unconscious motivation were responsible for disorders. Whose norm? Limitations: However, this definition fails to distinguish between desirable and undesirable behavior. Laing, Thomas Szasz and Franco Basaglia. This definition also implies that the presence of abnormal behavior in people should be rare or statistically unusual, which is not the case. According to Coleman normal behaviour will represent the optimal development and functioning of the individual consistent with the long term well being and progress of the group. These people who adjust well with themselves, their surroundings and their associates constitute the normal group.
Notable anti-psychiatrists were Michel Foucault, R. These people who adjust well with themselves, their surroundings and their associates constitute the normal group. Failure to Function Adequately Under this definition, a person is considered abnormal if they are unable to cope with the demands of everyday life.
Theories of abnormal psychology
Researchers use the DSM diagnoses to conduct studies and trials on patients, and this research determines which treatment approaches provide the most effective results. Our society can also provide deviant maladaptive models that children identify with and imitate re: social learning theory. Thus, people having average amount of intelligence, personality stability, and social adaptability are considered as normal. Similarly, working class people are more likely to be diagnosed with a mental illness than those from non manual backgrounds. Coleman holds that deviant behaviours are considered as maladaptive because they are not only harmful to the society, but to the individual. As the DSM has evolved over time, there have been a number of conflicts surrounding the categorization of abnormal versus normal mental functioning. Abnormal Workplace Behavior Abnormal workplace behavior goes against the prevailing behavior at a given job site. But with the rising awareness that mental illness affects so many people in the United States and globally, more and more is being done to reduce the stigma associated with such illnesses. Key Terms etiology: The establishment of a cause, origin, or reason for something.
This requires us to decide on the characteristics we consider necessary to mental health. They conform and adjust to their social surrounding.
based on 16 review