The conflict in northern ireland essay

This is only one example among many in which the gerrymandering of districts produced Unionist majorities on local councils in communities that were predominantly Catholic.

Northern Ireland is a land rich in tradition and pride; the same pride sustains the separation of the Protestants and the Catholics. For years upon years the British have possessed political control over the people of Northern Ireland. In addition, most of the newcomers were Protestant by religion, while the native Irish were Catholic. A number of attempts were made to extend English control over the rest of Ireland, but the major expansion of English dominion did not take place until the sixteenth century. When word spread among the Catholic community that a company would hire only Protestants, most often Catholics would simply stop applying. The new arrangements established a bicameral legislature, and a subordinate government in Belfast with authority over a number of devolved powers, including policing, education, local government and social services. However, the differences become apparent when you look into the statistics and brief history of the country Instead of the usual stony looks and silence from the Catholic community, stones, petrol-bombs, and barricades met the marchers. By , approximately people had died as a result of the conflict, and approximately 36, were injured. It was boycotted by the SDLP because it did not guarantee power-sharing. It has been well established that the police forces of Northern Ireland acted in collusion with Unionist political forces in the systematic discrimination and repression of Catholics.

This only served to strain the relationship between the Catholic community and the Army, which was increasingly seen less as saviours and more as oppressors as time passed without significant lessening in violence.

The Celtic people were not the first inhabitants of Ireland, since the Ice Age of 6, BC it is suspected that people were actively immigrating to Ireland for its easily farmable lands, but the Celtics easily over took the previous inhabitants of Ireland because they had access to Iron weapons As a measure of the cultural gap between the two sides, two bars were set up in Stormont during the Atkins talks ofone serving only non-alcoholic beverages.

Unionists form the majority of the population in Northern Ireland Conflict Between Ireland And Northern Ireland - For many years there has been a conflict in Ireland between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland due to differences in religion, political ways and patriotic recognition.

The troubles

The objective of securing a united independent Ireland, by force if necessary, remained, and there were IRA campaigns in the s, s and s. The dominant Unionist Party in Northern Ireland was not sufficiently separated from its Protestant support base to safely seek to bridge the gap between Catholics and Protestants by offering economic and political reforms. These types of discrimination were so blatant that the Cameron Commission investigation of issued a report critical of the local electoral system. The Catholics want to join the South and feel they are the rightful land owners to govern themselves. All three of the events are linked in some way to each other. As illustrated in figure 2, the more an industry paid and the more regular the work the fewer Catholics it tended to employ, while the lower-paid and less regular positions like seasonal building work employed Catholics at a rate close to their demographic representation. The settlement of Ulster in , by contrast, was massive in scale and resulted in the intrusion of a Protestant culture that was completely alien to its Catholic inhabitants Darby , 3. While Catholics made up about 40 per cent of manual labourers, they held only 11 per cent of senior positions in

Essentially it sought to transplant a society to Ireland. The Good Friday Belfast Agreement.

the troubles in northern ireland facts

Even though many of these new branch plants were established in areas dominated by Protestant communities, the background of the owners of the plants and their lack of direct connection to the conflict meant that their hiring practices were less discriminatory.

Protestant control of the judicial system and the courts was also maintained by Unionist control of the government of Northern Ireland.

Due to the hostility between these two sides issues of discrimination in areas such as housing, employment, electoral manipulations and religious histories have been rife For the Irish clans who disputed the rest of the island with each other, England became the major external threat to their sovereignty and customs.

Massive increases in medical services and educational expenditures were coupled with incentives to attract foreign capital investment to the province. The third reminder of violence between the two communities took place between Irish Nationalists and British authorities between and Over the next four centuries this area was the beach-head for the kingdom of Ireland, adopting English administrative practices and the English language and looking to London for protection and leadership.

The Plantation of Ulster was unique among Irish plantations in that it set out to attract colonists of all classes from England, Scotland and Wales by generous offers of land. In Economic dimensions of ethnic conflict, edited by S. Protestants, on the other hand, dominated the relatively higher-paid areas of shipbuilding and engineering. The Good Friday Agreement has been the most successful of all the peace processes so far, but issues are still there that have not been addressed According to this agreement, the United Kingdom accepted the condition that the constitutional status of Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom will not be changed without the approval of the majority of Irish citizens. The Israelis were a diasporic community while the Ulsters in Northern Ireland were a minority group living on their own land. The La Mon Hotel Bombing. The result was an educational system that allowed bible teaching of predominantly Protestant ethics and the withdrawal of Catholics to religious schools that received funding equal to only 65 per cent of that given to the state-sector, Protestant-affiliated schools Darby , Conflict Between Ireland And Northern Ireland - For many years there has been a conflict in Ireland between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland due to differences in religion, political ways and patriotic recognition. Themes Since the twelfth century therefore, it is possible to discern significant shifts in the Irish problem. These civil disputes were caused by many different reasons, but the main three were politics, religious beliefs and cultural choices. Catholic schools experienced a sharp rise in standards of education, with government funding improving both the facilities and the quality of Catholic teachers. This need for inclusion of those like "us", and exclusion of the other, or those not like us has led us to having an identity that relates not to any genetic difference, but our social environment Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who had been a strong supporter of the Unionist cause, began to change her view seeing that only an agreement which included a role for the Republic of Ireland could bring an end to the political violence in the province. According to Lord Widgery, the soldiers acted in self-defence, therefore it was not their fault and could not be blamed.
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Northern Ireland Essay