The albany congress and benjamin franklin s
Blog Albany Congress British officials believed that a North American war with France was imminent and urged colonial leaders to prepare for the common defense. The colonial governments were to select members of a "Grand Council," while the British Government would appoint a "president General.
Albany congress 1754
The plan for a federated colonial government never got off the ground. Delegates included:. This amount would later have to be repaid, and Parliament imposed a tax on the colonies to pay for the defenses in North America. Footnote 1: The thirteen colonies were divided at the time among those founded or ruled by royal charter Virginia, New York, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia , those that were proprietary in nature, that is, owned by a family or individual Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland , and those that were governed under charters Rhode Island and Connecticut. They proposed that colonial governors, along with some members of their respective councils, order the raising of troops and building of forts, to be funded by the Treasury of Great Britain. Although never carried out, the Albany Plan was the first important proposal to conceive of the colonies as a collective whole united under one government. That body would be responsible for raising militia forces and apportioning the cost among the membership. The plan called for the creation of new layers of government, including a president-general who would be appointed by the Crown and exercise broad powers over relationships with the natives, making war and governing the frontier areas until new colonies were created. Robert Longley is a U. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. On July 10, , representatives from seven of the British North American colonies adopted the plan. In response to the tendency at the time of the colonial governors appointed by the British Parliament to override the colonial legislators chosen by the people, the Albany Plan would have given the Grand Council more relative power than the president General. After receiving presents, provisions, and promises of redress of grievances, representatives of the Six Nations of the Confederacy withdrew without committing themselves to the British cause. The Union would have jurisdiction over Indian affairs.
The Albany Congress began on June 19,and the commissioners voted unanimously to discuss the possibility of union on June That for these purposes they have power to make laws, and lay and levy such general duties, imposts, or taxes, as to them shall appear most equal and just considering the ability and other circumstances of the inhabitants in the several Coloniesand such as may be collected with the least inconvenience to the people; rather discouraging luxury, than loading industry with unnecessary burdens.
That they make new settlements on such purchases, by granting lands in the King's name, reserving a quitrent to the crown for the use of the general treasury.
In the 17th century, some New England colonies had formed a loose association called the New England Confederationprincipally for purposes of defense, as raiding was frequent by French and allied Indian tribes.
The plan also allowed the new government to levy taxes for its own support.
Peter Wraxall served as Secretary to the Congress. The royal counselors need not have worried; the colonists were not ready for union, nor were the colonial assemblies ready to give up their recent and hard-won control over local affairs to a central government.
French indian war
It is often illustrated with Franklin's famous snake cartoon Join, or Die. They sent copies of letters to each of the Colonial Assemblies and to the British Board of Trade in London,  which had originally suggested the Congress. The Plan of Union proposed to include all the British North American colonies, although none of the colonies south of Maryland sent representatives to the Albany Congress. Delaware was excluded from the Albany Plan because it and Pennsylvania shared the same governor at the time. First of all, Franklin anticipated many of the problems that would beset the government created after independence, such as finance, dealing with the Indian tribes, control of commerce, and defense. That body would be responsible for raising militia forces and apportioning the cost among the membership. Its framers saw it instead as a means to reform colonial-imperial relationsand to recognize that the colonies collectively shared certain common interests. They submitted it with their recommendations, but the legislatures of the seven colonies rejected it, as it would have removed some of their existing powers. The plan would have also allowed the new unified government to impose and collect taxes to support its operations and provide for the defense of the union. The most vocal proponent of such a union of colonial governments was Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, who had shared his ideas for a union with several of his colleagues.
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