Additionally, no valid grading criteria as of yet have been established to evaluate quality of generated portfolios. Critical thinking skills, creative assessment, selectivity and reflective analysis are also enhanced.
David C. Alternative assessment includes long-form responses and essay questions. However, these machine grading methods require standardized prompts. For example, are the critical writing skills of our students on a par with those of students at comparable institutions and if below, what might be done to improve their performance?
To protect the anonymity of contributors, we've removed their names and personal information from the essays. In an article last year in Academe, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein pointed out that many faculty erroneously equate standardized exams with the highly questionable multiple-choice tests that characterize the implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act.
They wanted the focus of writing to be on revision, collaboration, and student growth, rather than scoring and ranking. Performance-based assessments have disadvantages for students who may not feel overly creative or willing to present their knowledge in front of a large group.
They these instructors would probably agree -- or should agree -- that college-educated students, regardless of their background or major, should be critical thinkers, meaning that, at a minimum, they should be able to read a college-level text, offer a pertinent summary of its central claim, and make a relevant response, whether by agreeing with it, complicating its claims, or offering a critique.
Alternative assessment allows educators to focus on critical reasoning skills, which students will be able to apply naturally to long-form test questions.