An introduction to the issue of teen pregnancy in todays society
Currently, WHO is synthesizing its recommendations on adolescent sexual and reproductive health into a Compilation Tool.
Prejudices are extremely difficult to overcome. Adolescent mothers ages 10 to 19 years face higher risks of eclampsia, puerperal endometritis, and systemic infections than women aged 20 to 24 years, and babies born to adolescent mothers face higher risks of low birth weight, preterm delivery, and severe neonatal conditions than those born to women aged 20 to 24 years.
Research reveals that young parents experience poorer health and social outcomes, which is linked to inadequate access to appropriate care and support. Thus, the counselor or therapist working with an adolescent who announces her pregnancy has even more of a responsibility to assure that the adolescent is capable of making such a difficult decision.
People are particularly sensitive and defensive about sex education.
Effects of teenage pregnancy
Teenage pregnancy puts young women at risk for health issues, economic, social and financial issues. Although sexual freedom and activity patterns among adolescent girls differ markedly according to cultural and religious background, we have to be aware that today nearly half of the global population is less than 25 years old. This link with social exclusion means that teenage parents are themselves likely to be in poorer health, have poorer access to health and social support and experience poorer health outcomes for themselves and their babies. Levels and Causes of Maternal Mortality and Morbidity. It creates hurt and a struggle for on the parents, especially for the mother Gonchar and Schulten. Increasing the use of contraception by adolescents at risk of unintended pregnancy. The interests of society at large might outweigh any right accorded to the fetus in some circumstances, such as if, for example, overpopulation or famine threatened that society. Young women often think of contraception either as 'the pill' or condoms and have little knowledge about other methods.
Cavendish Publishing Limited, London In general, Austrian girls older than 14 years have access to hormonal contraceptives without parental approval. Definition[ edit ] Teenage pregnancy rate in the United States by age group in Therefore, the analyses of causes and consequences of teenage pregnancies have been the topic of much research and debate [ 5 — 7 ].
Why is teenage pregnancy a social problem in the us
Unfortunately, sex education is lacking in many countries and consequently young girls are not aware about physiological basis of reproduction and contraceptives. Making health services adolescent friendly: Developing national quality standards for adolescent friendly health services. A marked decrease of motherhood was also observable for girls younger than 15 years Figure 2. Geneva: Every Woman Every Child; Newborns born to adolescent mothers are also at greater risk of having low birth weight, with long-term potential effects. At the same time, teenage motherhood started to decrease markedly. Rates were highest in Sub-Saharan Africa [ 20 ].
In addition to the religious and moral beliefs limiting the availability of contraception, economic barriers also prevented and to a certain extent still prevent many women from obtaining safe and effective methods of birth control.
Adolescents have access to these institutions free of charge. Reducing unsafe abortion among adolescents.
Causes of teenage pregnancy
It is really a chicken-egg debate because it remains unclear if social disadvantage is the reason or the result of teenage motherhood [ 47 ]. One may ask, is teenage pregnancy on the rise? Rates were highest in Sub-Saharan Africa [ 20 ]. Despite the testimony of psychologists about adolescent competence to make such decisions, the legal field has supported parental notification as a minimum standard. Commonly, the mean age at menarche is considered as 13 years, the median, however, as 14 years [ 9 ]. We also demand governments do more to support pregnant girls and young mothers to continue and complete their education. Global and regional estimates on violence against women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence. Contraceptive failure rates are higher for teenagers, particularly poor ones, than for older users. Geneva: WHO; Despite this overall progress, because the global population of adolescents continues to grow, projections indicate the number of adolescent pregnancies will increase globally by , with the greatest proportional increases in West and Central Africa and Eastern and Southern Africa. The authors concluded that teenage motherhood is a social problem and not an obstetrical or a clinical one [ 43 , 44 ]. Similarly, girls who become pregnant before age 18 are more likely to experience violence within marriage or a partnership. During early adolescence, successful reproduction was and is rare. International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education: An evidence-informed approach for schools, teachers and health educators. Studies from more economically advantaged clinics in developed countries yielded no increased obstetrical problems among teenage mothers compared with older mothers [ 32 , 33 , 39 — 42 ].
The mother-child passport was introduced, abortion became legal, and sex educations in public schools became obligatory.
based on 46 review