And began to dream of empire. In the cellar of another structure, a student volunteer uncovered wine bottles, intact but empty, that are believed to date to the late s, when Jamestown was prospering as a tobacco and trade center.
While such arrangements may have been rare, Kelso adds, the find strongly implies that Natives occasionally were present inside the fort for peaceful purposes and may even have cohabited with the Englishmen before English women arrived in significant numbers in By the end of the 17th century, Virginia was England's most valuable colony.
Inthe set tlement was resupplied twice with new recruits and fresh provisions from London. But political disturbances in England prevented Roanoke's supporters from re-supplying the colony until —and when supplies finally arrived that year, the ship carrying them found the colony completely empty, and only one mysterious word—"Croatoan"—scratched on a post offered a clue as to the colonists' fate.
Lynda Richardson "In college, I had associated archaeology with the pyramids of Egypt," says researcher William Kelso above. Byshe says, bucklers were considered largely obsolete as tools of war in Europe—which would seem to fit the traditional view that the Jamestown expedition was provisioned with castoff weapons and equipment.
The colonists were ambushed, Ratcliffe was taken prisoner and tortured to death, and only 16 of his men made it back to the fort alive and empty handed.