An analysis of the convention during the trial of louis sixteenth of france

Grave of louis xvi

In June , they attempted to escape, which was considered proof of Louis' treasonable dealings with foreign powers. You threw confusion and disorder in the army. He finished, like many of the set-piece speeches of the revolution, with an appeal to history: Louis ascended the throne at the age of twenty, and at the age of twenty he gave to the throne the example of character. In , Louis was forced to reinstate France's National Assembly the Estates-General which quickly curtailed the king's powers. In October, Louis and his family were forced by the mob to return to Paris from their palace at Versailles. But because you have abolished royalty, will you punish me, and because you know no law you can apply to me, will you create one for the purpose—for me alone? I do not remember all that passed then, but I know that the whole was prior to the acceptance of the constitution. Louis, the French people accuse you of having plotted and formed a multitude of conspiracies to establish tyranny in destroying liberty. To top it off, Louis had the misfortune to marry a foreigner, the Austrian Marie Antoinette. The national assembly decreed on the 3d of December that you should be tried by them; and on the 6th, that you should be brought to the bar, to hear the accusation read, and to give your answers. Where is the silent ballot, which incloses in the same urn the opinion and the conscience of the judge? The vote[ edit ] Paris voted overwhelmingly for death, 21 to 3. On the 23d you surrounded the representatives of the people with troops; you presented a declaration ordering them to cease their meetings and separate. I had a right to do so. There existed no law which fixed the age at which emigration was a crime—the Convention has made one—his nephews were without resources: was it necessary that he should smother the sentiments of humanity?

I know it has been said, that he had excited the insurrection, to gain the end of his plan, but who is now ignorant that this insurrection had been planned, ripened; that it had its agents, its council, its directory? The vote[ edit ] Paris voted overwhelmingly for death, 21 to 3.

Execution of louis xvi primary source

The youngest of the guards, who seemed about eighteen, immediately seized the head, and showed it to the people as he walked round the scaffold; he accompanied this monstrous ceremony with the most atrocious and indecent gestures. Yet he made still more mistakes, refusing to follow the secret advice tendered to him after May by the comte de Mirabeau , abdicating his responsibilities, and acquiescing in a disastrous attempt to escape from the capital to the eastern frontier on June 21, On the 23d you surrounded the representatives of the people with troops; you presented a declaration ordering them to cease their meetings and separate. Louis, on retiring, said, I have desired to have a counsel. If then he ought to be heard, he has the right to defend himself. The situation was already bad before Louis XVI began his reign, but situation got worse. A letter of Witgenstein has been constituted a crime; all that he could do, was to give him no place after his recall. When the Assembly accused Molleville, Louis replied he was "satisfied with his services. She was executed at the guillotine on October 16, A letter signed by the two written to Louis is produced.

The president was also authorised to propose such questions as might arise from the king's answers, and to make him sit down at the bar. The youngest of the guards, who seemed about eighteen, immediately seized the head, and showed it to the people as he walked round the scaffold; he accompanied this monstrous ceremony with the most atrocious and indecent gestures.

Had I judges only to answer, I would content myself with saying, that since the nation has abolished royalty, there can be no sentence to pronounce against Louis; but I speak to the people.

King louis xvi death

You have accused him of the massacres at the Champ de Mars; but do you then forget that the unhappy prince was suspended from his powers, a prisoner guarded in sight. My soul is weighed down to the earth with the calumny, that I ever had any intention to cause the blood of the citizens to be spilt. The legislative assembly passed a decree against the factious priests, you suspended its execution. Angered by Louis' refusal to allow the three estates - the first clergy , second nobles and third commons - to meet simultaneously, the Third Estate proclaimed itself a national assembly, declaring that only it had the right to represent the nation. Meanwhile, accusations of frivolity, extravagance and scandalous behaviour against the queen, Marie Antoinette, further discredited the monarchy. Louis's answer: I do not remember. On December 3 it was decided that Louis, who together with his family had been imprisoned since August, should be brought to trial for treason. Hear history say, that Louis, exalted 20 years upon the throne, gave an example of morals, justice, and oeconomy, He abolished servitude in his dominions; the people wished for liberty—he gave it them. He brought to the throne no wicked weaknesses, no corrupting passions. This was excessive on the part of the French people. You have reproached him with the troubles of Nismes, of Jales. Was it not in consequence of the same project that you feigned an indisposition, to facilitate your retreat to St. I know nothing of this letter.

During the American Revolution Louis granted financial and military aid that was instrumental in the colonies gaining independence from Great Britain.

Louis's answer: My refusals were just; I never saw the desecration of the cockade.

Who held louis xvi head

I had at that time a right to order troops to march according to my will. And in the last case, I demand of you where are all the forms of preservation? The government of Corsica has been spoken of, but he never had it. Louis's answer: I do not remember. December [ edit ] The trial began on 3 December. Louis's answer: "I had nothing to do with [that]. It never was my intention to cause the effusion of blood. He himself appeared twice before the Convention December 11 and There were voters in total.

Martin 's Press, He has been reproached with the surrender of Longwy— the inhabitants were guilty. The Girondins were partial to keeping the deposed king under arrest, both as a hostage and a guarantee for the future. Louis's answer: Refer to what I told the assembly at that time.

Beginning with a description of why the charges were invalid under the terms of the Constitution of Louis, as king, was immune from prosecutionhe attacked the right of National Convention to stand as judge and jury.

trial of louis xvi
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Louis XVI and Marie