An analysis of the causes of the world war two

main causes of world war 2

The rise of extremism and the forging of alliances Europe emerged from World War One a very changed place, with swathes of political ground being taken up by players on the extreme right and left. The diplomatic philosophy behind the League represented a fundamental shift in thought from the preceding century.

The Rhineland area was to be de-militarised. Neville Chamberlain, appeasement, and the British Road to war. The war "must be someone's fault — and that's a very natural human reaction" analyzed historian Margaret MacMillan.

It was also argued that a stronger Germany would prevent the spread of Communism to the west.

causes of world war 2 scholarly articles

At this point the German army was not very strong and could have been easily defeated. Some of the high-profile agitators at this time were left-wing Jews, which fuelled the conspiracy theory of a Jewish Bolshevik disloyalty that later gained so much traction as Hitler laid the psychological groundwork in preparing Germany for another war.

What were the major causes of world war ii?

Unable to act quickly The Council of the League of Nations only met four times a year and decisions had to be agreed by all nations. In a move that tacitly endorsed Hitler's violation of the treaty, Great Britain signed the Anglo-German Naval Agreement in , which allowed Germany to build a fleet one third the size of the Royal Navy and ended British naval operations in the Baltic. The Great Depression of the s From to , the world was experiencing a devastating economic downturn, known as the Great Depression. Hitler promised that Anschluss was the end of his expansionist aims and not wanting to risk war, the other countries did nothing. Again operating in violation of the Treaty of Versailles, Hitler made overtures regarding the annexation of Austria. Highly militaristic, Fascism also was driven by a sense of belligerent nationalism that encouraged conflict as a means of social improvement. However, all efforts of diffusion were futile. In , Hitler argued that because France had signed a new treaty with Russia, Germany was under threat from both countries and it was essential to German security that troops were stationed in the Rhineland.

The League had no army Soldiers were to be supplied by member countries. Furthermore, many believed that since the Rhineland was a part of Germany it was reasonable that German troops should be stationed there.

Immediate cause of second world war

The main reasons for the failure of the League of Nations can be summarised into the following points: Not all countries joined the League Although the idea for the League of Nations had come from Woodrow Wilson, there was a change of government in the United States before the signing of the treaty and the new Republican government refused to join. For Italy and Japan, their main aim of engaging in expansionary activities was to strengthen their economy capabilities and as such, their political power on the global scene. When Germany began re-arming in , many politicians felt that Germany had a right to re-arm in order to protect herself. The old philosophy of "concert of nations", growing out of the Congress of Vienna , saw Europe as a shifting map of alliances among nation-states, creating a balance of power maintained by strong armies and secret agreements. This was supported from above by the Luftwaffe, which had gained experience fighting with the fascist Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War To aid in its defense, Poland had formed military alliances with Great Britain and France. Although it is logical that France would want the Rhineland to be a neutral zone, the fact that France had the power to make that desire happen merely added onto the resentment of the Germans against the French. However, the army took no notice of the government and continued its conquest of Manchuria. The Domestic Level of Analysis Apart from the individual level of analysis, the domestic level of analysis provides a framework to get insights on the causes of Second World War. One such party that was active during this time was the Nazi Party. This created unstable governments and worldwide turmoil that helped lead to World War II. According to Maznevski et al. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Related Papers. The reliance upon unanimous decisions, the lack of an armed force, and the continued self-interest of its leading members meant that this failure was arguably inevitable.

Mussolini had notably invented fascist politics. Fascism With the economic turmoil left behind by World War 1, some countries were taken over by dictators who formed powerful fascist governments.

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What Were the Main Causes of World War II?